campanile n : a bell tower; usually stands alone unattached to a building [syn: belfry]
A campanile – pronounced /kæmpəˈni:leɪ/ – is, especially in Italy, a free-standing bell tower, often adjacent to a church or cathedral. The word derives from the Italian campanile, from campana (bell).
The most famous campanile is probably the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Other notable examples include St Mark's Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice. Campaniles outside of Italy are often modeled after St Mark's.
At the beginning of the nineteen eighties the theme Campanile was revised by H. R. Hiegel and Florian Mausbach.
After a spectacular design by architect H.R. Hiegel dating from the year 1983, in 1990 Helmut Jahn built the Frankfurt Messeturm.
Modern campaniles often contain carillons, a musical instrument traditionally composed of at least 23 large bells which are sounded by cables, chains, or cords connected to a keyboard. These can be found at some college and university campuses. In modern construction, rather than using heavy bells the sound may be produced by the striking of small metal rods whose vibrations are amplified electronically and sounded through loudspeakers.
List of campanilesThis is a list of campaniles found on Wikipedia:
- The Clock Tower, commonly referred to as Big Ben, of the Palace of Westminster
- The Trent Building of the University of Nottingham
- The Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower at the University of Birmingham
- The Queen's Tower at Imperial College London
- The Trafford Centre's Barton Square Tower
- The Addleshaw Tower at Chester Cathedral
- Sather Tower, "The Campanile" and carillon of the University of California, Berkeley, is 307 ft (93.6 m) tall and has 61 bells. It was the subject of The Campanile Movie.
- Carillon Tower, "The Bell Tower" at the University of California, Riverside is 161 ft (49.1 m) tall with 48 bells and was dedicated to the University in 1966.
- Storke Tower at the University of California, Santa Barbara is 175 ft (53.3 m) tall with 61 bells.
- The California Tower at Balboa Park (San Diego, California) is 198 ft (60.4 m) tall and has a 100-bell symphonic carillon. It was built in 1914 for the 1915-1916 Pan-American Expo.
- St. Andrew's Catholic Church, Pasadena, California, built in 1927.
- Brandt Campanile, at Valparaiso University near the Chapel of the Resurrection and the Christopher Center for Library and Information Resources, is a chime standing 143 ft (43.6 m) high with 12 bells.
- Shafer Tower, a campanile and carillon in the central campus of Ball State University, standing at 150 feet in height.
- The World War II Memorial Carillon and Campanile at the University of Kansas (120 ft (36.6 m); 53 bells)
State University World War One Memorial Bell Tower (Memorial
- Also known as the Campanile, this 175-ft (53.3 m) structure was built in 1923 and dedicated in 1926 as a memorial to Louisianans who died in WWI. On the rotunda walls are bronze plaques bearing the names of those to whom the tower is dedicated. (The names of the black soldiers were recently added.) Chimes ring every quarter hour. The cornerstone in front of the tower was excavated from the ruins of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy in Pineville (LSU's first incarnation), one half describes the history, while the other half is inscribed with the names of the first board of supervisors and faculty.
- The plaza area in front of Memorial Tower has served as a place of both ceremony and celebration. The University’s annual Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony takes place on the plaza and attracts many visitors to the area. In addition, Student Government holds the formal installation for its new President and Vice President each spring. There are also several traditions attached to it, especially kissing in the plaza at midnight on Valentine's Day.
- Campanile next to City Hall in Springfield, Massachusetts, a part of the Municipal Group, the city's neoclassical government center.
- Campanile of Old South Church in Boston, a 246-ft (75 m) Venetian-Gothic bell tower by Charles Amos Cummings.
- Campanile Pilgrim Monument, Provincetown, Massachusetts, a 252-ft (76.8 m) granite tower by Charles Amos Cummings.
- The Stockbridge Congregational Church has a bell tower, also know as the Children's Chime.http://www.gcna.org/data/MASTOCKB.HTM
- The Karam Campanile at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, in the middle of campus
- The Memorial Bell Tower at Phillips Academy in Andover
- Campanile at Oregon State University (68 ft, 20.7 m tall; 5 bells)
- Adams Bell Tower, Norwich University, Northfield (47 bells).http://www.norwich.edu/about/map/ncinfo2b.html#adams
- Carillon Tower at University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison (featuring 56 bells and weekly concerts).
Other usesCampanile is also the name of the Palo Alto High School newspaper, and the Rice University yearbook.
- Giotto's Bell tower, Florence virtual reality movie and pictures
campanile in Afrikaans: Campanile
campanile in Danish: Kampanile
campanile in German: Campanile
campanile in Spanish: Campanario
campanile in French: Campanile
campanile in Italian: Campanile
campanile in Latin: Campanarius
campanile in Lithuanian: Varpinė
campanile in Dutch: Campanile
campanile in Norwegian: Kampanile
campanile in Polish: Kampanila
campanile in Portuguese: Campanário (torre)
campanile in Russian: Кампанила
campanile in Slovak: Kampanila
campanile in Swedish: Kampanil
antenna tower, barbican, belfry, bell tower, carillon, colossus, column, cupola, derrick, dome, fire tower, lantern, lighthouse, martello, martello tower, mast, minaret, monument, obelisk, observation tower, pagoda, pilaster, pillar, pinnacle, pole, pylon, pyramid, shaft, skyscraper, spire, standpipe, steeple, stupa, television mast, tope, tour, tower, turret, water tower, windmill tower