AskDefine | Define campanile

Dictionary Definition

campanile n : a bell tower; usually stands alone unattached to a building [syn: belfry]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From campanile, from campana ‘bell’.

Pronunciation

/kæmpəˈni:leɪ/

Noun

  1. A bell tower (now especially when freestanding), often associated with a church or other public building, especially in Italy.
    The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a campanile.

Italian

Noun

campanile m
  1. bell tower
  2. belfry

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

A campanile – pronounced /kæmpəˈni:leɪ/ – is, especially in Italy, a free-standing bell tower, often adjacent to a church or cathedral. The word derives from the Italian campanile, from campana (bell).
The most famous campanile is probably the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Other notable examples include St Mark's Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice. Campaniles outside of Italy are often modeled after St Mark's.
At the beginning of the nineteen eighties the theme Campanile was revised by H. R. Hiegel and Florian Mausbach.
After a spectacular design by architect H.R. Hiegel dating from the year 1983, in 1990 Helmut Jahn built the Frankfurt Messeturm.
Modern campaniles often contain carillons, a musical instrument traditionally composed of at least 23 large bells which are sounded by cables, chains, or cords connected to a keyboard. These can be found at some college and university campuses. In modern construction, rather than using heavy bells the sound may be produced by the striking of small metal rods whose vibrations are amplified electronically and sounded through loudspeakers.

List of campaniles

This is a list of campaniles found on Wikipedia:

Canada

Germany

South Africa

  • Port Elizabeth (Erected to commemorate the landing of the 1820 Settlers)

United States

Alabama

California

Colorado

Florida

  • Century Tower, at the University of Florida in Gainesville, is 157 ft (47.9 m) tall and has a cast-bell carillon with 61 bells.
  • The Campanile, at Pensacola Christian College in Pensacola, Florida, has a 43 cast-bell carillon.

Georgia

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

  • The World War II Memorial Carillon and Campanile at the University of Kansas (120 ft (36.6 m); 53 bells)

Louisiana

  • Louisiana State University World War One Memorial Bell Tower (Memorial Tower)
    • Also known as the Campanile, this 175-ft (53.3 m) structure was built in 1923 and dedicated in 1926 as a memorial to Louisianans who died in WWI. On the rotunda walls are bronze plaques bearing the names of those to whom the tower is dedicated. (The names of the black soldiers were recently added.) Chimes ring every quarter hour. The cornerstone in front of the tower was excavated from the ruins of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy in Pineville (LSU's first incarnation), one half describes the history, while the other half is inscribed with the names of the first board of supervisors and faculty.
    • The plaza area in front of Memorial Tower has served as a place of both ceremony and celebration. The University’s annual Christmas Tree Lighting Ceremony takes place on the plaza and attracts many visitors to the area. In addition, Student Government holds the formal installation for its new President and Vice President each spring. There are also several traditions attached to it, especially kissing in the plaza at midnight on Valentine's Day.

Massachusetts

Michigan

North Carolina

South Dakota

Texas

  • Albritton Bell Tower, Texas A&M University, College Station (138 ft, 42.1 m; 49 bells).
  • Murchison Memorial Tower, the campanile at Trinity University, San Antonio (166 ft, 50.6 m; 4 bells).

Wisconsin

Other uses

Campanile is also the name of the Palo Alto High School newspaper, and the Rice University yearbook.
campanile in Afrikaans: Campanile
campanile in Danish: Kampanile
campanile in German: Campanile
campanile in Spanish: Campanario
campanile in French: Campanile
campanile in Italian: Campanile
campanile in Latin: Campanarius
campanile in Lithuanian: Varpinė
campanile in Dutch: Campanile
campanile in Norwegian: Kampanile
campanile in Polish: Kampanila
campanile in Portuguese: Campanário (torre)
campanile in Russian: Кампанила
campanile in Slovak: Kampanila
campanile in Swedish: Kampanil

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

antenna tower, barbican, belfry, bell tower, carillon, colossus, column, cupola, derrick, dome, fire tower, lantern, lighthouse, martello, martello tower, mast, minaret, monument, obelisk, observation tower, pagoda, pilaster, pillar, pinnacle, pole, pylon, pyramid, shaft, skyscraper, spire, standpipe, steeple, stupa, television mast, tope, tour, tower, turret, water tower, windmill tower
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